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The social penetration theory SPT proposes that, as relationships develop, interpersonal communication moves from relatively shallow, non-intimate levels to deeper, more intimate ones. Altman and Taylor note that relationships “involve different levels of intimacy of exchange or degree of social penetration”. SPT is known as an objective theory as opposed to an interpretive theory, meaning that it is based on data drawn from experiments and not from conclusions based on individuals’ specific experiences.
SPT states that the relationship development occurs primarily through self-disclosure , or intentionally revealing personal information such as personal motives, desires, feelings, thoughts, and experiences to others.
Computer-mediated communication contexts also applies in social penetration theory; online dating and virtual teams. Self- disclosure patterns.
The social penetration theory SPT proposes that, as relationships develop, interpersonal communication moves from relatively shallow, non-intimate levels to deeper, more intimate ones. The theory was formulated by psychologists Irwin Altman and Dalmas Taylor in to understand relationship development between individuals. Altman and Taylor notes that relationships “involve different levels of intimacy of exchange or degree of social penetration. The social penetration theory states that the relationship development occurs primarily through self-disclosure, or intentionally revealing personal information such as personal motives or desires, feelings, thoughts, and experiences to others.
This theory is also guided by the assumptions that relationship development is systematic and predictable. Through self-disclosure, relationships development follows particular trajectory, moving from superficial layers of exchanges to more intimate ones. Self-disclosure is the major way to bring a relationship to a new level of intimacy. Social penetration theory is based on four basic assumptions. First, relationship development moves from superficial layers to intimate ones.
For instance, on a first date, people tend to present their outer images only, talking about hobbies. As the relational development progresses, wider and more controversial topics such as political views are included in the conversations.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document. Online Dating In the world of cyberspace, there are numerous activities and trends that have risen in recent years. With new sites constantly emerging, people are spending more time on the internet.
Economic theories about how to those who is the social penetration theory: the application of ms in dating is the sender vs. Paul oyer: theoretical insight. Find the.
Social penetration theory is established by Irwin Altman and Dalmas Taylor in to dispense a comprehension on how information exchange purpose in the development and discontinuation of interpersonal relationship Carpenter, A. Social Penetration theory refers to the reciprocal-behaviors or process of relationship bonding that occur between individuals — as their relationship develop, interpersonal communication moves from partially facile, non-intimate levels to deeper, more personal ones West, R.
Our writers will create an original “Social Penetration Theory” essay for you. Social penetration theory asserts that this process occurs essentially through self-disclosure. The theory proposes that relationships become more intimate over time when individual divulge more information about themselves. Notwithstanding, Social penetration can take place in different contexts of relationships: romantic, friendship, social groups and work relationships.
Computer-mediated communication contexts also applies in social penetration theory; online dating and virtual teams. Self- disclosure patterns fit Social penetration with reinforcement dynamics. This process is amplified if both parties feel positively about the relationship. The outer layer of a person that is visible to the public is the public image. Through self-disclosure over time, the deepest layers of a person is revealed to significant others is the private self.
Superficial layers, middle layers, inner layers and core personality are included in social penetration theory that describes the process of self-divulging. Partly of shallow informations such as likes and dislikes in music or clothing are part of superficial informations. Social attitudes and political views are part of middle layers.
My favorite television show of all, The Big Bang Theory, features a nerd, Leonard, who works through the entire series to win over a girl way out of his league, Penny. Leonard works his way slowly in getting to know Penny by simply getting to know where she is from or her food preferences, working the cheesecake factory. For Penny and Leonard, their relationship developed slowly as Leonard continued to build the confidence to talk with her which eventually led to Leonard winning Penny over as his girlfriend and eventually wife.
Their relationship developed slowly because they self-disclosed to one another as the relationship moved.
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Zombolas Elmhurst College. Taylor, who detailed the theory in their book, Social penetration: The development of interpersonal relationships. In addition, Altman and Taylor hypothesized that the dissolution or depenetration of a relationship also progresses in a somewhat orderly fashion. My own research on Social Penetration Theory focused on scholars who have more recently critiqued or supported the theory.
And, a great deal of my research related to the role of online communication in interpersonal relationships. As a whole, Social Penetration Theory involves a variety of main concepts. As Altman and Taylor noted, social penetration itself involves the progression of interpersonal relationships from superficial to intimate levels of exchange. In addition, Altman and Taylor characterized each of the four stages of relational progression. More specifically, studies by Gibbs, Ellison, and Heino and Ledbetter et al.
In the journal of Communication. Research, Gibbs, Ellison, and Heino detailed their findings from a study based on active participants of the online dating site Match. Gibbs, Ellison, and Heino found that those individuals who had the long term goal of a face-to-face relationship with their online relational partner engaged in more intentional self-disclosure, more honest self-disclosure, and generally a greater amount of self-disclosure.
Similarly, Baker and Oswald explained in the Journal of Social and Personal Relationships that the many different modes of communication and information-seeking available on online social networking sites like Facebook allow for more frequent communication — and thus, a faster progression of intimacy. The amount of information available e.
In addition the potential contributions of four theories, either those not traditionally applied to relationship development, or newly emerging theories will be explored: uses and gratifications theory Katz et al. The objective of this chapter is to identify the unique contributions each theory might make to research on how individuals use microchannel media to facilitate relationship processes. Miller sees You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
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With internet firms increasingly investing in new technologies and applications to make their websites attractive, social and interactive with e-store customers, less is known about the success drivers for one type of e-store, namely online dating sites. This article aims to empirically examine the effects of the two customer-focused web functions: customer self-presentation and peer-interactivity on firm-performance using data from a Chinese dating website.
The findings confirm the crucial role of self-presentation for a dating site, where it also significantly influences the level of peer-interactivity, traffic to one’s profile page, and firm performance. Yet, the effect of peer-interactivity is not evident from this sample. Overall, this study offers measures in a structural model, findings from which would help e-marketers to strategically appropriate web investments in either function for enhancing firm performance.
Online dating in Western societies has formed a mature industry and competition has entered a stage where firms are increasingly targeting even smaller niche markets for customers of specific races, regions and professions for differentiation and profitability.
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Social Penetration Theory Through the Lens of Mediated Channels individuals are more likely to present on an online dating site, and how they view other.
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Many have to present their second date.
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Social penetration theory aims to describe the role that self-disclosure plays in developing close intimate relationships. The social penetration theory, is a term used to describe the gradual process a person takes to reveal their true self Griffin et al. The more online dating and online interactions we have going on in the world, the more this theory will advance.
romantic relationships have used an online dating service” (Ramirez et al., Uncertainty and social penetration theory expectations about.
The topics of breadth and depth have come up repeatedly. That is because these two terms are so important and the central foundation to the Social Penetration Theory. Just as in real life, breadth and depth works the same in online social networks such as Facebook. Greater breadth of self-disclosure will predict greater depth of self-disclosure Craig.
Along with greater predictability comes greater interdependence Craig. Think of your closest Facebook friends. How often do you visit their page or view their photos? Do you know ever time they have updated the smallest thing on their page? With Facebook being a relatively new phenomenon, it will be interesting to see additional research on relationships, especially romantic, conducted about it in the years to come.
How honest are people who participate in online dating? It is so tempting to use the Internet to manipulate your identity Gibbs, Elison, Heino. In a study done by these researchers, they found a surprising result that honestly has a negative effect on the self-presentation success of relationships.